In rural areas, ceramic handicrafts are a traditional and seasonal family activity, practiced outdoors by Bedouin women. Rural pottery is very little diversified, often far from the market. In urban areas, the ceramic activity is usually a case of men working in workshops of different sizes. The product is diversified, the production is important, the markets are diversified.
There are two basic types of carpet: knotted and woven. The traditional (pre-Islamic) carpet industry was based on the weaving Of mergoumsand kilims. Mergoums feature very bright, geometric designs, with bold use of reds, purples, blues and other vivid colours. Kilims use traditional Berber motifs on a woven background. Both are reasonably cheap to buy. The guetiffa is another type of knotted carpet: thick-pile and normally cream coloured, with Berber motifs. The best-known of the knotted carpets are the classical (Persian-style) Kairouan carpets. This style of carpet-making was first introduced to Tunisia by the Turks. Legend has it that the first knotted carpet to be made in Tunisia was by the daughter of the Turkish governor of Kairouan.